Mapping the Impact of Share Alike/Copyleft Licensing on Machine Learning and Generative AI download

Abstract

The rise of generative artificial intelligence systems has raised a number of copyright issues. Some of the most hotly contested questions revolve around the use of copyrighted works to train AI models. One particular problem that has received relatively little attention is how AI training intersects with openly licensed works. To better understand the dynamics at play, Open Future commissioned the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam (IVIR) to conduct a study on the impact of Share Alike/CopyLeft (SA/CL) licensing on machine learning and generative AI.

Bibtex

Report{nokey, title = {Mapping the Impact of Share Alike/Copyleft Licensing on Machine Learning and Generative AI}, author = {Szkalej, K. and Senftleben, M.}, url = {https://www.ivir.nl/publicaties/mapping-the-impact-of-share-alike-copyleft-licensing-on-machine-learning-and-generative-ai/share-alike-and-ml/}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-06-12}, abstract = {The rise of generative artificial intelligence systems has raised a number of copyright issues. Some of the most hotly contested questions revolve around the use of copyrighted works to train AI models. One particular problem that has received relatively little attention is how AI training intersects with openly licensed works. To better understand the dynamics at play, Open Future commissioned the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam (IVIR) to conduct a study on the impact of Share Alike/CopyLeft (SA/CL) licensing on machine learning and generative AI.}, }

From the DMCA to the DSA: A Transatlantic Dialogue on Online Platform Regulation and Copyright external link

Verfassungsbooks, 2024, Berlin, ISBN: 9783759825957

Bibtex

Book{nokey, title = {From the DMCA to the DSA: A Transatlantic Dialogue on Online Platform Regulation and Copyright}, author = {Quintais, J.}, url = {https://intr2dok.vifa-recht.de/receive/mir_mods_00017202}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.17176/20240429-081042-0 }, year = {2024}, date = {2024-06-10}, }

Annotatie Hoge Raad 12 november 2021 (A Venue Entertainment e.a. / SENA) download

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, iss. : 14, num: 136, pp: 3249-3250, 2024

Bibtex

Case note{nokey, title = {Annotatie Hoge Raad 12 november 2021 (A Venue Entertainment e.a. / SENA)}, author = {Hugenholtz, P.}, url = {https://www.ivir.nl/publications/annotatie-hoge-raad-12-november-2021-a-venue-entertainment-e-a-sena/annotatie_nj_2024_136/}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-06-04}, journal = {Nederlandse Jurisprudentie}, issue = {14}, number = {136}, }

Van databankindustrie naar data‑economie: 25 jaar Databankenwet download

Auteursrecht, iss. : 2, pp: 67-76, 2024

Abstract

Ooit was het idee dat een bijzonder beschermingsregime nodig was voor de jonge Europese databankindustrie: het sui generis recht. Met de Databankenwet kreeg ook Nederland er in 1999 dat volwaardig intellectueel eigendomsrecht bij. Fast forward twintig jaar, en we zien dat er een andere wind uit Brussel is gaan waaien: nieuwe wetgeving gericht op de ontwikkeling van de zogenaamde ‘data-economie’. Onder meer de Open datarichtlijn, Datagovernanceverordening en Dataverordening moeten bijdragen aan een interne markt waarin data zo vrij mogelijk kan stromen. Hoe verhoudt deze recente wetgeving tot de Databankrichtlijn? Dit artikel schetst hoe het sui generis recht langzaam uitgehold raakt.

Copyright, Database right

Bibtex

Article{nokey, title = {Van databankindustrie naar data‑economie: 25 jaar Databankenwet}, author = {van Eechoud, M. and Buijs, D.}, url = {https://www.ivir.nl/publications/van-databankindustrie-naar-data%e2%80%91economie-25-jaar-databankenwet/auteursrecht_2024_2/}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-06-04}, journal = {Auteursrecht}, issue = {2}, abstract = {Ooit was het idee dat een bijzonder beschermingsregime nodig was voor de jonge Europese databankindustrie: het sui generis recht. Met de Databankenwet kreeg ook Nederland er in 1999 dat volwaardig intellectueel eigendomsrecht bij. Fast forward twintig jaar, en we zien dat er een andere wind uit Brussel is gaan waaien: nieuwe wetgeving gericht op de ontwikkeling van de zogenaamde ‘data-economie’. Onder meer de Open datarichtlijn, Datagovernanceverordening en Dataverordening moeten bijdragen aan een interne markt waarin data zo vrij mogelijk kan stromen. Hoe verhoudt deze recente wetgeving tot de Databankrichtlijn? Dit artikel schetst hoe het sui generis recht langzaam uitgehold raakt.}, keywords = {Copyright, Database right}, }

Copyright, Upcycling, and the Human Right to Environmental Protection external link

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2024

Copyright, Human rights

Bibtex

Online publication{nokey, title = {Copyright, Upcycling, and the Human Right to Environmental Protection}, author = {Izyumenko, E.}, url = {https://copyrightblog.kluweriplaw.com/2024/05/30/copyright-upcycling-and-the-human-right-to-environmental-protection/}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-05-30}, journal = {Kluwer Copyright Blog}, keywords = {Copyright, Human rights}, }

Intellectual Property in the Age of the Environmental Crisis: How Trademarks and Copyright Challenge the Human Right to a Healthy Environment

IIC, 2024

Abstract

In the face of the escalating environmental crisis driven by overconsumption, there is a growing recognition of the urgent need for environmental consciousness and a sustainable, circular economy. Practices like repair, refurbishment, and fashion upcycling have emerged as tangible efforts to mitigate the negative effects of this crisis. Perhaps unexpectedly, however, trademark and copyright laws clash with these endeavours, placing obstacles to sustainability goals. This paper contributes to the emerging literature devoted to studying this problem by undertaking the first in-depth analysis of the issue from a human rights law perspective. It specifically investigates the nature, scope, impact on, and consequences for intellectual property protection of the evolving human right to a healthy environment. Following a short introduction, the paper delves into the legal nature of obstacles posed by trademark and copyright protection to environmental sustainability, scrutinizes the human right to a healthy environment with a European emphasis, and proposes strategies for reconciling trademark and copyright protection with this fundamental right. The key findings are summarised at the end.

Intellectual property

Bibtex

Article{nokey, title = {Intellectual Property in the Age of the Environmental Crisis: How Trademarks and Copyright Challenge the Human Right to a Healthy Environment}, author = {Izyumenko, E.}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s40319-024-01478-0}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-05-15}, journal = {IIC}, abstract = {In the face of the escalating environmental crisis driven by overconsumption, there is a growing recognition of the urgent need for environmental consciousness and a sustainable, circular economy. Practices like repair, refurbishment, and fashion upcycling have emerged as tangible efforts to mitigate the negative effects of this crisis. Perhaps unexpectedly, however, trademark and copyright laws clash with these endeavours, placing obstacles to sustainability goals. This paper contributes to the emerging literature devoted to studying this problem by undertaking the first in-depth analysis of the issue from a human rights law perspective. It specifically investigates the nature, scope, impact on, and consequences for intellectual property protection of the evolving human right to a healthy environment. Following a short introduction, the paper delves into the legal nature of obstacles posed by trademark and copyright protection to environmental sustainability, scrutinizes the human right to a healthy environment with a European emphasis, and proposes strategies for reconciling trademark and copyright protection with this fundamental right. The key findings are summarised at the end.}, keywords = {Intellectual property}, }

Annotatie bij EHRM 9 maart 2023 (LB / Hongarije) download

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, iss. : 15, num: 144, pp: 3352-3354, 2024

Abstract

Openbaar maken persoonsgegevens wegens belastingschuld. Bescherming persoonlijke data. Belang van toetsing in individuele gevallen. Margin of appreciation. Schending van art. 8 EVRM. Grote Kamer.

Human rights, Privacy

Bibtex

Case note{nokey, title = {Annotatie bij EHRM 9 maart 2023 (LB / Hongarije)}, author = {Dommering, E.}, url = {https://www.ivir.nl/publications/annotatie-bij-ehrm-9-maart-2023-lb-hongarije/annotatie_nj_2024_144/}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-05-28}, journal = {Nederlandse Jurisprudentie}, issue = {15}, number = {144}, abstract = {Openbaar maken persoonsgegevens wegens belastingschuld. Bescherming persoonlijke data. Belang van toetsing in individuele gevallen. Margin of appreciation. Schending van art. 8 EVRM. Grote Kamer.}, keywords = {Human rights, Privacy}, }

Anticipating impacts: using large‑scale scenario‑writing to explore diverse implications of generative AI in the news environment

Kieslich, K., Diakopoulos, N. & Helberger, N.
AI and Ethics, 2024

Abstract

The tremendous rise of generative AI has reached every part of society—including the news environment. There are many concerns about the individual and societal impact of the increasing use of generative AI, including issues such as disinformation and misinformation, discrimination, and the promotion of social tensions. However, research on anticipating the impact of generative AI is still in its infancy and mostly limited to the views of technology developers and/or researchers. In this paper, we aim to broaden the perspective and capture the expectations of three stakeholder groups (news consumers; technology developers; content creators) about the potential negative impacts of generative AI, as well as mitigation strategies to address these. Methodologically, we apply scenario-writing and use participatory foresight in the context of a survey (n=119) to delve into cognitively diverse imaginations of the future. We qualitatively analyze the scenarios using thematic analysis to systematically map potential impacts of generative AI on the news environment, potential mitigation strategies, and the role of stakeholders in causing and mitigating these impacts. In addition, we measure respondents' opinions on a specifc mitigation strategy, namely transparency obligations as suggested in Article 52 of the draft EU AI Act. We compare the results across diferent stakeholder groups and elaborate on diferent expected impacts across these groups. We conclude by discussing the usefulness of scenario-writing and participatory foresight as a toolbox for generative AI impact assessment.

Generative AI

Bibtex

article{nokey, title = {Anticipating impacts: using large‑scale scenario‑writing to explore diverse implications of generative AI in the news environment}, author = {Kieslich, K. and Diakopoulos, N. and Helberger, N.}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s43681-024-00497-4}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-05-27}, journal = {AI and Ethics}, abstract = {The tremendous rise of generative AI has reached every part of society—including the news environment. There are many concerns about the individual and societal impact of the increasing use of generative AI, including issues such as disinformation and misinformation, discrimination, and the promotion of social tensions. However, research on anticipating the impact of generative AI is still in its infancy and mostly limited to the views of technology developers and/or researchers. In this paper, we aim to broaden the perspective and capture the expectations of three stakeholder groups (news consumers; technology developers; content creators) about the potential negative impacts of generative AI, as well as mitigation strategies to address these. Methodologically, we apply scenario-writing and use participatory foresight in the context of a survey (n=119) to delve into cognitively diverse imaginations of the future. We qualitatively analyze the scenarios using thematic analysis to systematically map potential impacts of generative AI on the news environment, potential mitigation strategies, and the role of stakeholders in causing and mitigating these impacts. In addition, we measure respondents\' opinions on a specifc mitigation strategy, namely transparency obligations as suggested in Article 52 of the draft EU AI Act. We compare the results across diferent stakeholder groups and elaborate on diferent expected impacts across these groups. We conclude by discussing the usefulness of scenario-writing and participatory foresight as a toolbox for generative AI impact assessment.}, keywords = {Generative AI}, }

Who Does(n’t) Target You? Mapping the Worldwide Usage of Online Political Microtargeting external link

Votta, F., Kruschinski, S., Hove, M., Helberger, N., Dobber, T. & Vreese, C.H. de
Journal of Quantitative Description: Digital Media, vol. 4, 2024

Bibtex

Article{nokey, title = {Who Does(n’t) Target You? Mapping the Worldwide Usage of Online Political Microtargeting}, author = {Votta, F. and Kruschinski, S. and Hove, M. and Helberger, N. and Dobber, T. and Vreese, C.H. de}, url = {https://journalqd.org/article/view/4188}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.51685/jqd.2024.010}, year = {2024}, date = {2024-05-01}, journal = {Journal of Quantitative Description: Digital Media}, volume = {4}, pages = {}, }