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News

Publications

Shrinking core? Exploring the differential agenda setting power of traditional and personalized news

Judith Moeller Damian Trilling Natali Helberger Kristina Irion Claes H de Vreese

A shared issue agenda provides democracies with a set of topics that structure the public debate. The advent of personalized news media that use smart algorithms to tailor the news offer to the user challenges the established way of setting the agenda of such a common core of issues. This paper tests the effects of personalized news use on perceived importance of these issues in the common core. In particular we study whether personalized news use leads to a concentration at the top of the issue agenda or to a more diverse issue agenda with a long tail of topics. Based on a cross-sectional survey of a representative population sample (N=1556), we find that personalized news use does not lead to a small common core in which few topics are discussed extensively, yet there is a relationship between personalized news use and a preference for less discussed topics. This is a result of a specific user profile of personalized news users: younger, more educated news users are more interested in topics at the fringes of the common core and also make more use of personalized news offers. The results are discussed in the light of media diversity and recent advances in public sphere research.

27-09-2016

Facebook is a new breed of editor: a social editor

Natali Helberger

Facebook’s approach to allowing, censoring or prioritising content that appears in the news feed has recently been the focus of much attention, both media and governmental. Professor Natali Helberger of the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam argues that we need to seek to understand the new kind of editorial role that Facebook is playing, in order to know how to tackle the questions it raises.

16-09-2016

10 Standards for Oversight and Transparency of National Intelligence Services

Eskens, S.

van Daalen, O.

van Eijk, N.

This report aims to enhance the policy debate on surveillance by intelligence services by focusing on two key components: oversight and transparency. Both oversight and transparency are essential to devising checks and balances in a way that respects human rights. By offering this concise list of ten standards, we intend to provide practical guidance for those who seek further input for discussions, policymaking and the review of existing legislation. These standards are based on our analysis and interpretation of relevant jurisprudence, literature and selected policy documents.

15-09-2016

Something Completely Different: Europe's Sui Generis Database Right

Hugenholtz, P.

In: The Internet and the Emerging Importance of New Forms of Intellectual Property, S. Frankel and D. Gervais (eds.), Information Law Series, Vol. 37, Kluwer Law International 2016.
This chapter traces the sui generis database right’s historic roots, describes its main features, compares it to copyright, questions its legal nature especially in the light of international intellectual property agreements, and finally examines to what extent the goals of the Directive have been met.

15-09-2016

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie 6 oktober 2016 (Schrems / Data Protection Commissioner)

van Eijk, N.

13-09-2016

Annotatie bij EHRM 21 oktober 2014 (Vural / Turkije)

Dommering, E.

nr. 336
Vrijheid van meningsuiting. Veroordeling tot ruim 13 jaar gevangenisstraf en ontneming kiesrecht wegens belediging nagedachtenis Atatürk door standbeelden met verf te besmeuren. Proportionaliteit. Schending art. 10 EVRM en art. 3 Eerste Protocol.

13-09-2016

Annotatie bij EHRM 1 december 2015 (Cengiz e.a. / Turkije)

Dommering, E.

nr. 337
De vrijheid om inlichtingen of denkbeelden te ontvangen of te verstrekken. Blokkering toegang (video)website YouTube. Onvoldoende wetttelijke basis. Schending art. 10 EVRM.

13-09-2016

Het verschil van mening, geschiedenis van een verkeerd begrepen idee

Dommering, E.

Vrijheid is een oud begrip dat staat voor het zich losmaken van groepen en individuen uit de macht van een ander. Die vrijheid werd gesymboliseerd door de zogenoemde vrijheidshoed, want in het Romeinse Rijk mocht een vrijgemaakte slaaf een hoofddeksel gaan dragen. In Europa krijgt vrijheid als eerste gestalte in de godsdienstvrijheid en het eigendomsrecht. Het geloof wordt losgemaakt van het gezag van de kerkelijke autoriteit. De eigendom is niet langer een privilege toegekend door een vorst, maar iets wat je verwerft door inbezitneming of door eigen inspanning. De vrijheid van denken en spreken bepaalt hoe wij over de samenleving en de natuur denken. Het publieke debat en het democratische besluit vervangen het door God gegeven politieke gezag. Het onderzoek naar de natuur komt in de plaats van een godsdienstig wereldbeeld. Deze vrijheden hebben de Europese democratie gemaakt tot wat zij nu is. Het verschil van mening geeft een ideeëngeschiedenis van deze vrijheden, waarbij de vrijheid van meningsuiting centraal staat. Het boek trekt de lijn door naar het heden en de rol van internet, dat alle kennis in de wereld toegankelijk maakt, maar onder zijn eigen toegankelijkheid lijkt te bezwijken. De burgers die hun vrijheden op internet uitoefenen, hebben er een elektronische politieman bij gekregen die permanent over hun schouder meekijkt.

06-09-2016

Annotatie bij EHRM 22 april 2013 (zaak Animal Defenders International / Verenigd Koninkrijk)

Dommering, E.

Nationaal verbod van politieke reclame niet in strijd met artikel 10 EVRM, terugkomen op eerdere beslissing?

06-09-2016

Auteursrechtdebat: De ontvlochten uitgeverij

Poort, J.

Gepubliceerd op IE-Forum.nl op 22 juli 2016, IEF 16134.

09-08-2016

Flexible Copyright. Can EU Author's Right Accommodate Fair Use?

Hugenholtz, P.

In: Copyright Law in an Age of Limitations and Exceptions, R. Okediji (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2016, p. 242-258 (forthcoming).

Almost everyone agrees that modern copyright law needs to be flexible in order to accommodate rapid technological change and evolving media uses. In the United States fair use is the flexible instrument of choice. Author’s right systems in Europe are generally deemed to be less flexible and less tolerant to open-ended limitations and exceptions. But are they really?
This chapter makes the case that (1) author’s rights systems can be made as flexible as copyright systems, and (2) that the existing EU legal framework does not preclude the development of flexible norms at the national level.

02-08-2016

Concise European Copyright Law (second edition)

Hugenholtz, P.

Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2016, 699 pp.
ISBN 9789041128799.

See table of contents here.
See list of authors here.
A sample chapter on the EU Database Directive, by Prof. P.B. Hugenholtz, is available here.

The second edition of Concise European Copyright Law was published in Spring 2016. Concise European Copyright Law aims to offer the reader a rapid understanding of all the provisions of copyright law in force in Europe that have been enacted at the European and international levels. This volume takes the form of an article-by-article commentary on the relevant EU directives and international treaties in the field of copyright and neighbouring rights. Editors and authors are prominent specialists (academics and practitioners) in the field of international and European copyright law.

21-07-2016

Answer to the EC Consultation on the 'panorama exception'

Benabou, V.

Bently, L.

Dinwoodie, G.

Dusollier, S.

Derclaye E.

Geiger, C.

Griffiths, J.

Hugenholtz, P.

Kretschmer, M.

Metzger, A.

Rognstad O.

Peukert, A.

Ricolfi, M.

Vivant, M.

Xalabarder, R.

15-07-2016

CJEU:

S.D. van Leeuwen

15-07-2016

Making the Digital Single Market Work for Copyright. Extending the Satellite & Cable Directive to content services on line

Hugenholtz, P.

In: The Digital Single Market Copyright: Internet and Copyright Law in the European Perspective, Conference proceedings, Milan 4-5 November 2015, M. Franzosi, O. Pollicino & G. Campus (ed.).
ISBN: 9788854894419.

Despite 25 years of copyright harmonization the law of copyright in the EU has remained, essentially, national and territorial. For the world of tangible (physical) goods a similar problem of market fragmentation was solved decades ago by the ECJ establishing a rule of ‘Community exhaustion’ of the right of distribution. Ever since, goods incorporating intellectual property, such as records, books and trademarked clothing, may circulate freely across the EU after their initial authorized marketing in a Member State. Why not introduce a similar rule for the world of non-physical distribution? We do have an interesting precedent. Satellite broadcasting market suffered from similar copyright problems as the on line content services market today. In 1993 the Sat-Cab Directive solved such problems stating that satellite broadcasting is a relevant act for copyright purposes only in the country of origin of the signal. As a consequence, a license to broadcast audiovisual content by satellite would be needed only in the Member State from where the satellite signal was uplinked. This article examines the legal ramifications of the extension of the country of origin principle to the on line environment.

15-07-2016

Making the Digital Single Market Work for Copyright. Extending the Satellite & Cable Directive to content services on line

Hugenholtz, P.

In: The Digital Single Market Copyright: Internet and Copyright Law in the European Perspective, Conference proceedings, Milan 4-5 November 2015, M. Franzosi, O. Pollicino & G. Campus (ed.).
Despite 25 years of copyright harmonization the law of copyright in the EU has remained, essentially, national and territorial. For the world of tangible (physical) goods a similar problem of market fragmentation was solved decades ago by the ECJ establishing a rule of ‘Community exhaustion’ of the right of distribution. Ever since, goods incorporating intellectual property, such as records, books and trademarked clothing, may circulate freely across the EU after their initial authorized marketing in a Member State. Why not introduce a similar rule for the world of non-physical distribution? We do have an interesting precedent. Satellite broadcasting market suffered from similar copyright problems as the on line content services market today. In 1993 the Sat-Cab Directive solved such problems stating that satellite broadcasting is a relevant act for copyright purposes only in the country of origin of the signal. As a consequence, a license to broadcast audiovisual content by satellite would be needed only in the Member State from where the satellite signal was uplinked. This article examines the legal ramifications of the extension of the country of origin principle to the on line environment.

15-07-2016

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