Melinda is a researcher at the Institute for Information Law (IViR). Her research primarily focuses on European media law and the protection of public interest journalism in the face of socio-political and technological challenges. She holds a BSc in Politics, Psychology, Law and Economics (PPLE, University of Amsterdam) and a research LLM in Information Law (University of Amsterdam). At IViR, she has contributed to various research projects and has co-authored studies commissioned by the European Parliament, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the European Digital Rights Initiative, on topics such as the safety of journalists, the regulation of trade in digital surveillance and the legality of data retention practices.
|Koot, M., Rucz, M., van Daalen, O., van Hoboken, J.|
2021, (A report for the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs Amsterdam, June 2021).
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The European Union recently adopted new rules for the export control of dual use goods - the recast Dual Use Regulation. These rules also contain a new framework for export control of cyber-surveillance items. The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs engaged the Institute for Information Law to write a report on the scope of this term and the application of this framework.
The study provides valuable insights on the application of the new Dual Use Regulation. One part of the study focuses on the definition. Most importantly, the authors contend that the term 'cyber-surveillance item' must be understood in light of the aim of the new framework, which is to prevent human rights infringements. In the report, an assessment is made whether five technologies fall within the scope of the definition. Another part focuses on the authorisation requirements. Here, the authors contend that inspiration can be drawn from the guidance on military export control, the Council Common Position. Finally, the authors suggest that the European Commission together with member states must provide further guidance on this new framework. The report has been sent to the Dutch Parliament and presented to delegates of the European member states at the Dual Use Working Party.
|Bouchè, G., Fahy, R., McGonagle, T., Rucz, M., Sangen, A, van der, Seel, M., Stapel, S.|
2020, (Prof. dr. T. McGonagle - Project Leader - European Parliament - Policy Department for Citizen's Rights and Constitutional Affairs - Directorate-General for Internal Policies - July 2020).
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Journalism and journalists face a growing range of threats, including violence and harassment; the misuse of defamation and other laws against them, and restrictive measures on freedom of information and expression adopted in response to the Covid-19 crisis. States must ensure a safe and favourable environment for journalists to perform their public watchdog function. This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE Committee, examines the overall chilling effect of crimes and threats against journalists and explores various regulatory and other measures to counter them.
This report was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.
In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.
In: IRIS, 2019.