The European Harmonisation of Intermediairy Civil Liability for Online Copyright Infringement

With the adoption and subsequent national implementation of the E-Commerce Directive’s safe harbour regime, the architecture set up for intermediary liability in Europe has become two-tiered: at a first stage, it is necessary to examine whether a given intermediary attracts, in its pursuit of a certain activity, civil liability according to the standards ensconced in the Member States’ legislation and only then, in the second instance, must the inapplicability of any immunity be established. As a result, although it provides a veneer of approximation by immunising intermediaries under certain circumscribed conditions, the Directive does not harmonise the underlying substantive liability norms which determine whether the safe harbours will be necessary or redundant. This leaves ample room for national divergences, particularly as concerns new types of intermediaries whose eligibility for the existing safe harbours is uncertain.  

This PhD research seeks to explore the liability in Europe of online intermediaries for secondary or indirect copyright infringement, i.e. where the material act of infringement is committed by a third party, regardless of the applicability of the safe harbour regime. It will therefore begin with an investigation of the current law relating to intermediary liability for copyright infringement in the legal jurisdictions of England, France and Germany, these three jurisdictions representing each of the three major European extra-contractual liability traditions. The relationship between these rules and national substantive tort principles in the selected countries will subsequently be examined. This shall be done with a view to uncovering common European tort principles that can potentially lead the way to a harmonised, clear and comprehensive European liability regime of intermediaries for copyright infringement.

Publications

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Irion, K.

AI Regulation in the European Union and Trade Law: How can accountability of AI and a high level of consumer protection prevail over a trade law discipline on source code?, study commissioned by the Vzbv, Amsterdam: Institute for Information Law, 2021 Miscellaneous

2021.

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Keller, P.

Divergence instead of guidance: the Article 17 implementation discussion in 2020 – Part 2 Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Keller, P.

Divergence instead of guidance: the Article 17 implementation discussion in 2020 – Part 1 Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Janssen, H.; Cobbe, J.; Singh, J.

Personal Data Stores: a user-centric privacy utopia? Journal Article Forthcoming

In: Internet Policy Review, Forthcoming.

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Janssen, H.; Cobbe, J.; Norval, C.; Singh, J.

Decentralised Data Processing: Personal Data Stores and the GDPR Journal Article

In: International Data Privacy Law, 10 (4), pp. 356-384, 2021.

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Sax, M.

Optimization of what? For-profit health apps as manipulative digital environments Journal Article

In: Ethics and Information Technology, 23 (3), pp. 345-361, 2021, (Preprint available here: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3752597).

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Keller, P.

Finnish Article 17 implementation proposal prohibits the use of automated upload filters Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Ferrari, V.

Crosshatching Privacy: Financial Intermediaries’ Data Practices Between Law Enforcement and Data Economy Journal Article

In: European Data Protection Law Review, 6 (4), pp. 522-535, 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Artikel 18-23 DSM-richtlijn: Exploitatiecontracten Journal Article

In: AMI, 2020 (6), pp. 187-192, 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P.; Quintais, J.; Gervais, D. J.

Trends and Developments in Artificial Intelligence: Challenges to Copyright Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Betzel, M.; Fahy, R.; Helberger, N.; Marrazzo, F.; Matějka, S.; Nyakas, L.; Papp, J.

Notions of Disinformation and Related Concepts Technical Report

2020, (ERGA report).

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Bodó, B.; Antal, D.; Puha, Z.

Can scholarly pirate libraries bridge the knowledge access gap? An empirical study on the structural conditions of book piracy in global and European academia Journal Article

In: PLoS ONE, 15 (12), 2020.

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Irion, K.

Panta rhei: A European Perspective on Ensuring a High-Level of Protection of Digital Human Rights in a World in Which Everything Flows Journal Article

In: Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020, (38), 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P.; Quintais, J.; Gervais, D. J.; Hartmann, C.; Allan, J.

Trends and Developments in Artificial Intelligence: Challenges to the Intellectual Property Rights Framework: Final Report Technical Report

2020, (Report written for the European Commission by P.B. Hugenholtz, D. Gervais, J.P. Quintais, C. Hartmann & J. Allan, completed September 2020. ISBN: 97892762244488).

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Senftleben, M.

Intermediary Liability and Trade Mark Infringement - Proliferation of Filter Obligations in Civil Law Jurisdictions? Book Chapter

In: pp. 381-403, 2020, (Chapter in: Oxford Handbook of Online Intermediary Liability, G.F. Frosio (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.).

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Senftleben, M.

Signs Eligible for Trademark Protection - Dysfunctional Incentives and a Functionality Dilemma in the EU Book Chapter

In: pp. 209-225, 2020, (Chapter in: Cambridge Handbook on International and Comparative Trademark Law, I. Calboli & J.C. Ginsburg (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020.).

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Quintais, J.

CIPIL Evening Webinar: 'Article 17 and the New EU Rules on Content-Sharing Platforms' Online

2020.

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Senftleben, M.

The Copyright/Trademark Interface: How the Expansion of Trademark Protection Is Stifling Cultural Creativity Book

Kluwer Law International, 2020, ISBN: 9789403523705.

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van Hoboken, J.; Appelman, N.; van Duin, A.; Blom, T.; Zarouali, B.; Fahy, R.; Steel, M.; Stringhi, E.; Helberger, N.

WODC-onderzoek: Voorziening voor verzoeken tot snelle verwijdering van onrechtmatige online content Technical Report

2020.

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Keller, P.

CJEU hearing in the Polish challenge to Article 17: Not even the supporters of the provision agree on how it should work Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Rb. Den Haag 5 februari 2020 (NJCM c.s. / Staat der Nederlanden - SyRI-wetgeving) Journal Article

In: Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (45), pp. 6792-6795, 2020.

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Drunen, M. van; Ausloos, J.; Appelman, N.; Helberger, N.

News Recommenders and Cooperative Explainability: Confronting the contextual complexity in AI explanations Technical Report

2020.

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van Gompel, S.; Hugenholtz, P.; Poort, J.; Schumacher, L. D.; Visser, D.

Evaluatie Wet Auteurscontractenrecht: Eindrapport Technical Report

2020.

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Fahy, R.; Appelman, N.

Netherlands/Research Book Chapter

In: pp. 164-175, 2020, (Chapter in: Report Automating Society 2020, Chiusi, F., Fischer, S., Kayser-Bril, N. & Spielkamp, M. eds., Berlin: AlgorithmWatch, October 2020.).

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Senftleben, M.; Angelopoulos, C.

The Odyssey of the Prohibition on General Monitoring Obligations on the Way to the Digital Services Act: Between Article 15 of the E-Commerce Directive and Article 17 of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market Technical Report

2020, (Amsterdam: Institute for Information Law & Cambridge: Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law).

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij HvJ EU 29 juli 2019, C-469/17 (Funke), C-516/17 (Spiegel) & C-4476/17 (Pelham) Journal Article

In: Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (43), pp. 6068-6073, 2020.

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Senftleben, M.

Institutionalized Algorithmic Enforcement - The Pros and Cons of the EU Approach to UGC Platform Liability Journal Article

In: Florida International University Law Review, 14 (2), pp. 299-328, 2020.

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Strycharz, J.; Ausloos, J.; Helberger, N.

Data Protection or Data Frustration? Individual perceptions and attitudes towards the GDPR Journal Article

In: European Data Protection Law Review, 6 (3), pp. 407-421, 2020.

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Menezes Cwajg, C.; Ausloos, J.; Leerssen, P.

Transparency Rules in Online Political Advertising: Mapping Global Law and Policy Technical Report

2020, (This report has been prepared by Carolina Menezes Cwajg. It was written under the academic guidance of Dr. Jef Ausloos and Paddy Leerssen, at IViR and the Information, Communication & the Data Society (ICDS) Initiative at the University of Amsterdam.).

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Senftleben, M.; Buijtelaar, L. D.

Robot Creativity: An Incentive-Based Neighbouring Rights Approach Journal Article Forthcoming

In: European Intellectual Property Review, 42 (12), Forthcoming.

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Yakovleva, S.

Privacy and Data Protection in the EU- and US-led Post- WTO Free Trade Agreements Book Chapter

In: pp. 95-115, 2020, (Chapter in: Coherence and Divergence in Services Trade Law, ed. R.T. Hoffmann & M. Krajewski).

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Yakovleva, S.

Personal Data Transfers in International Trade and EU Law: A Tale of Two ‘Necessities’ Journal Article

In: The Journal of World Investment & Trade, pp. 1-39, 2020.

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Yakovleva, S.; Geursen, W.; Arnbak, A.

Kaleidoscopic data-related enforcement in the digital age Journal Article

In: Common Market Law Review, 57 (5), pp. 1461-1494, 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P.

De kunstmatige maker: over de gevolgen van het Endstra-arrest voor de bescherming van artificiële creaties Journal Article

In: Intellectuele Eigendom & Reclamerecht (IER), (5), pp. 276-280, 2020.

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Husovec, M.; Quintais, J.

How to License Article 17? Exploring the Implementation Options for the New EU Rules on Content-Sharing Platforms Journal Article

In: 2020.

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Cobbe, J.; Seng Ah Lee, M.; Singh, J.; Janssen, H.

Centering the Law in the Digital State Journal Article

In: Computer, 53 (10), pp. 47-58, 2020.

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Helberger, N.; Araujo, T.; Vreese, C. H. de

Who is the fairest of them all? Public attitudes and expectations regarding automated decision-making Journal Article

In: Computer Law & Security Review, 39 , 2020.

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Eskens, S.; Mil, J. van

Opinie: Doorsturen telecomdata naar RIVM vereist een beter verhaal Journal Article

In: Het Financieele Dagblad, 2020.

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Helberger, N.; Huh, J.; Milne, G.; Strycharz, J.

Macro and Exogenous Factors in Computational Advertising: Key Issues and New Research Directions Journal Article

In: Journal of Advertising, 49 (4), pp. 377-393, 2020.

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Helberger, N.; Eskens, S.

Opinie: corona-app vraagt om meer toezicht op grote techbedrijven Journal Article

In: De Volkskrant, 2020.

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Appelman, N.; Fahy, R.

Netherlands Book Chapter

In: 2020, (Chapter in: F. Chiusi, S. Fischer, & M. Spielkamp (eds.), Automated Decision-Making Systems in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A European Perspective, AlgorithmWatch, 2020).

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Husovec, M.; Quintais, J.

Article 17 of the Copyright Directive: Why the German implementation proposal is compatible with EU law – Part 2 Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Cooper Dreyfuss, R.; van Eechoud, M.

Choice of Law in EU Trade Secrecy Cases Book Chapter

In: Chapter 10, pp. 171-191, 2020.

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Rougoor, W.; Tieben, B.; Poort, J.

Reserveprijs veiling DAB+-laag 7 Technical Report

2020, (Rapport in opdracht van het ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat, SEO Economisch Onderzoek, mei 2020. ISBN 9789052200675.).

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Appelman, N.; Toh, J.; Fahy, R.; van Hoboken, J.

Techno-optimism and solutionism as a crisis response Book Chapter

In: 2020, (Chapter in L. Taylor, G. Sharma, A. Martin, and S. Jameson (eds.), Data Justice and COVID-19: Global Perspectives, Meatspace Press, 2020)).

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Eskens, S.

Opinie: De wettelijke mogelijkheden voor online proctoring door universiteiten zijn zeer beperkt Journal Article

In: Tijdschrift voor Internetrecht, (4), pp. 141-143, 2020.

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Husovec, M.; Quintais, J.

Article 17 of the Copyright Directive: Why the German implementation proposal is compatible with EU law – Part 1 Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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McGonagle, T.; Fahy, R.; Bouchè, G.; Rucz, M.; Stapel, S.; Seel, M.; A Sangen, van der

Safety of journalists and the fighting of corruption in the EU Technical Report

2020, (Prof. dr. T. McGonagle - Project Leader - European Parliament - Policy Department for Citizen's Rights and Constitutional Affairs - Directorate-General for Internal Policies - July 2020).

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Drunen, M. van

The post-editorial control era: how EU media law matches platforms’ organisational control with cooperative responsibility Journal Article

In: Journal of Media Law, 12 (2), pp. 166-190, 2020.

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Irion, K.

Schrems II and Surveillance: Third Countries’ National Security Powers in the Purview of EU Law, European Law Blog Online

2020.

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2212 entries « 3 of 45 »