The European Harmonisation of Intermediairy Civil Liability for Online Copyright Infringement

With the adoption and subsequent national implementation of the E-Commerce Directive’s safe harbour regime, the architecture set up for intermediary liability in Europe has become two-tiered: at a first stage, it is necessary to examine whether a given intermediary attracts, in its pursuit of a certain activity, civil liability according to the standards ensconced in the Member States’ legislation and only then, in the second instance, must the inapplicability of any immunity be established. As a result, although it provides a veneer of approximation by immunising intermediaries under certain circumscribed conditions, the Directive does not harmonise the underlying substantive liability norms which determine whether the safe harbours will be necessary or redundant. This leaves ample room for national divergences, particularly as concerns new types of intermediaries whose eligibility for the existing safe harbours is uncertain.  

This PhD research seeks to explore the liability in Europe of online intermediaries for secondary or indirect copyright infringement, i.e. where the material act of infringement is committed by a third party, regardless of the applicability of the safe harbour regime. It will therefore begin with an investigation of the current law relating to intermediary liability for copyright infringement in the legal jurisdictions of England, France and Germany, these three jurisdictions representing each of the three major European extra-contractual liability traditions. The relationship between these rules and national substantive tort principles in the selected countries will subsequently be examined. This shall be done with a view to uncovering common European tort principles that can potentially lead the way to a harmonised, clear and comprehensive European liability regime of intermediaries for copyright infringement.

Publications

2219 entries « 1 of 45 »

Idiz, D. R; Irion, K.; Ebbers, J.; Vliegenthart, R.

European audiovisual media policy in the age of global video on demand services: A case study of Netflix in the Netherlands Journal Article

In: Journal of Digital Media & Policy, 12 (3), pp. 425-449, 2022.

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Fahy, R.; Dobber, T.; Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.; Shires, J.

Microtargeted propaganda by foreign actors: An interdisciplinary exploration Journal Article

In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, pp. 856-877, 2022, (MJ, vol. 28, nr. 6, 2021).

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Keller, P.

Article 17, the year in review (2021 edition) Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2022.

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Peukert, A.; Husovec, M.; Kretschmer, M.; Mezei, P.; Quintais, J.

Comment on Copyright and the Digital Services Act Proposal Journal Article

In: 2022, (European Copyright Society).

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Peukert, A.; Husovec, M.; Kretschmer, M.; Mezei, P.; Quintais, J.

European Copyright Society (ECS): Comment on Copyright and the Digital Services Act Proposal Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2022.

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Baarsma, B.; Broek-Altenburg, E. van den; Berg, G. van den; Dommering, E.; Teulings, C.

Lockdowns zijn niet meer te rechtvaardigen Journal Article

In: NRC, 2022.

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Baarsma, B.; Broek-Altenburg, E. van den; Berg, G. van den; Dommering, E.; Teulings, C.

Naar een coronabeleid zonder lockdowns Journal Article

In: ESB, 2022.

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Senftleben, M.

No Trademark Protection for Artworks in the Public Domain – A Practical Guide to the Application of Public Order and Morality as Grounds for Refusal Journal Article

In: GRUR International, 71 (1), pp. 3-17, 2022.

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Bodó, B.; Giannopoulou, A.; Quintais, J.; Mezei, P.

The rise of NFTs: These aren't the droids you're looking for Journal Article

In: European Intellectual Property Review, 2022.

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Trapova, A.; Quintais, J.

EU copyright law round up – fourth trimester of 2021 Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Helberger, N.; Sax, M.; Strycharz, J.; Micklitz, H. -W.

Choice Architectures in the Digital Economy: Towards a New Understanding of Digital Vulnerability Journal Article

In: Journal of Consumer Policy, 2021.

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Appelman, N.; Fahy, R.; van Hoboken, J.

Social Welfare, Risk Profiling and Fundamental Rights: The Case of SyRI in the Netherlands Journal Article

In: JIPITEC, 12 (4), pp. 257-271, 2021.

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Keller, P.

YouTube Copyright Transparency Report: Overblocking is real Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij EHRM 25 mei 2021 (Big Brother Watch e.a. / Verenigd Koninkrijk) en Hof van Justitie EU 6 oktober 2020 (La Quadrature du Net e.a. / Premier ministre e.a.) Journal Article

In: Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (49), pp. 6225-6237, 2021.

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van Eechoud, M.

Annotatie bij Hof Arnhem-Leeuwarden 25 mei 2021 (Atlantic/Marell Boats) Journal Article

In: Auteursrecht, (4), pp. 228-229, 2021.

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Gervais, D. J.

AI-JAX Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 437-448, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Helberger, N.; Zarouali, B.

'Voetbal Hoort niet bij Robots': Attitudes Regarding the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Refereeing Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 395-409, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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van Eechoud, M.

Database Rights in the EU's Data Strategy: A Question of Sport? Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 251-261, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Senftleben, M.

Sacrificing the Gods on the Altar of Sports: The Redefinition of Cultural Symbols in the Sports Sector Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 233-247, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Poort, J.

An Economic Note on Reselling Tickets Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 211-216, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Quintais, J.

Do We Need More Copyright Protection for Sports Events? Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 143-156, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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van Gompel, S.

Sports as Policy Levers in Intellectual Property Lawmaking Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 119-130, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Dommering, E.

'The Portrait of a Gentleman'- The Cruijff Case Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 75-84, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Senftleben, M.; Poort, J.; van Eechoud, M.; van Gompel, S.; Helberger, N.

Introduction: An Information Law Approach to Intellectual Property and Sports Book Chapter

In: Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz, pp. 3-11, Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Dommering, E.

Het coronabeleid is onconstitutioneel Journal Article

In: Nederlands Juristenblad (NJB), (41), pp. 3396-3398, 2021.

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Quintais, J.; Kowalewska Jahromi, H.; Mezei, P.; Priora, G.; Reda, J.; Riis, T.; Schwemer, S.; Szkalej, K.

The Regulatory Landscape for Copyright Content Moderation: Evaluation and Future Trajectories Online

2021, (Webinar ReCreating Europe 16 November 2021).

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Senftleben, M.; van Gompel, S.; Helmond, A.; Schumacher, L. D.; Ausloos, J.; van Hoboken, J.; Quintais, J.

Webharvesting Technical Report

2021, (Onderzoek in opdracht van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), 20 september 2021, WODC rapport 3142.).

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Bulayenko, O.; van Gompel, S.; and Handke, C.; Peeters, R.; Poort, J.; Quintais, J.; Regeczi, D.

Study on emerging issues on collective licensing practices in the digital environment Technical Report

2021, ISBN: 978-92-76-39981-0, (Study written by Ecorys, IViR and Erasmus University Rotterdam, commissioned by the European Commission.).

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van Eechoud, M.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 8 september 2020 (RAAP/PPI) Journal Article

In: Auteursrecht, 2021 (2), pp. 77-79, 2021.

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Fahy, R.; Helberger, N.; Appelman, N.

The perils of legally defining disinformation Journal Article

In: Internet Policy Review, 10 (4), 2021.

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Irion, K.; Es, R. van; Meeren, K. van der; Dijkman, D.

Evaluatie PNR Wet Technical Report

2021, (WODC Rapport 3181, geschreven door K. Irion, R. van Es (IViR), K. van der Meeren & D. Dijkman (It's Public), november 2021).

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van Daalen, O.; van Hoboken, J.; Koot, M.; Rucz, M.

The new rules for export control of cyber-surveillance items in the EU Technical Report

2021, (A report for the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs Amsterdam, June 2021).

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Pentney, K.; McGonagle, T.

From Risk to Reward? The DSA's risk-based approach to disinformation Book Chapter

In: Unravelling the Digital Services Act package', M. Cappello (ed.), IRIS Special, Strasbourg: European Audiovisual Observatory, pp. 40-57, 2021.

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Janssen, H.

Persoonlijke PIMS: privacyfort of luchtkasteel? Journal Article

In: Privacy & Informatie, (5), pp. 214-225, 2021.

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Giannopoulou, A.

Putting Data Protection by Design on the Blockchain Journal Article

In: European Data Protection Law Review, 7 (3), pp. 388-399, 2021.

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Bodó, B.; Irion, K.; Janssen, H.; Giannopoulou, A.

Personal data ordering in context: the interaction of meso-level data governance regimes with macro frameworks Journal Article

In: Internet Policy Review, 10 (3), 2021.

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Irion, K.; Kolk, A.; Buri, M.; Milan, S.

Governing “European values” inside data flows: : interdisciplinary perspectives Journal Article

In: Internet Policy Review, 10 (3), 2021.

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Trapova, A.; Quintais, J.

EU copyright law round up – third trimester of 2021 Online

2021.

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Hugenholtz, P.; Quintais, J.

Copyright and Artificial Creation: Does EU Copyright Law Protect AI-Assisted Output? Journal Article

In: IIC - International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law , 52 (9), pp. 1190-1216, 2021.

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Senftleben, M.; Horen, F. van

The Siren Song of the Subtle Copycat - Revisiting Trademark Law with Insights from Consumer Research Journal Article

In: The Trademark Reporter, 111 (4), pp. 739-777, 2021.

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Sax, M.

Between Empowerment and Manipulation: The Ethics and Regulation of For-Profit Health Apps Book

Wolters Kluwer, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537917.

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Reda, J.; Keller, P.

A Proposal to leverage Article 17 to build a public repository of Public Domain and openly licensed works Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Angelopoulos, C.; Senftleben, M.; Thije, P. ten

De reikwijdte van artikel 17 DSM-richtlijn in het licht van het verbod op algemene toezichtverplichtingen: een Odyssee Journal Article

In: Auteursrecht, (3), pp. 120-142, 2021.

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Drunen, M. van

Editorial independence in an automated media system Journal Article

In: Internet Policy Review, 10 (3), 2021.

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Helberger, N.; Eskens, S.; Strycharz, J.; Bouchè, G.; van Hoboken, J.; Mil, J. van; Toh, J.

Conditions for technological solutions in a COVID-19 exit strategy, with particular focus on the legal and societal conditions Journal Article

In: 2021, (Report for ZonMw, written by N. Helberger, S. Eskens, J. Strycharz, G. Bouchè, J. van Hoboken, J. van Mil, J. Toh, with N. Appelman, J. van Apeldoorn, M. van Eechoud, N. van Doorn, M. Sax & C. de Vreese, September 2021, Amsterdam).

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Senftleben, M.; Poort, J.; van Eechoud, M.; van Gompel, S.; Helberger, N.

Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz Book

Kluwer Law International, 2021, ISBN: 9789403537337.

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Appelman, N.; Quintais, J.; Fahy, R.

Using Terms and Conditions to apply Fundamental Rights to Content Moderation: Is Article 12 DSA a Paper Tiger? Online

Verfassungsblog, (Ed.): Verfassungsblog 2021.

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Helberger, N.; Dobber, T.; Vreese, C. H. de

Towards Unfair Political Practices Law: Learning lessons from the regulation of unfair commercial practices for online political advertising Journal Article

In: JIPITEC, 12 (3), pp. 273-296, 2021.

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van Eechoud, M.

Please share nicely — From Database directive to Data (governance) acts Journal Article

In: Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2021.

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Trapova, A.; Quintais, J.

EU copyright law round up – second trimester of 2021 Online

Blog, Kluwer Copyright (Ed.): Kluwer Copyright Blog 2021.

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2219 entries « 1 of 45 »