Mediapluralism, gatekeepers and governance

Feeding debates, bringing news and exposing people to relevant content is not any longer a privilege of the traditional media. New players in the competition for the attention of users have entered the scene, including search engines, social networks and e-commerce and transaction platforms. And some of them are very powerful. Mathias Döpfner’s open letter to  Google’s Eric Schmidt echoes the concerns of many about the influence of the new players on information markets, public spheres and individual minds but also for the realization of central public values, such as media diversity.

When policy makers and academics speak about search engines, social networks, app platforms  and their impact on media pluralism, the notion of “gatekeeper” and “bottleneck” is often not far away. The qualification of the new information intermediaries as gatekeeper is not only a matter of rhetoric. From the legal and public policy point of view, we have a long tradition of disciplining gatekeeper control, also and particularly if such control threatens the realization of important public policy goals, such as media diversity and functioning competition at the market place of ideas. This is why classifying Google, or Face book or ITunes or any of the ‘new information intermediaries’ a gateway or bottleneck to diverse media markets can have far-reaching regulatory consequences. And, indeed, as this study will show, many of the traditional tools of “platform regulation” have also been brought forward in one way or other, in the ongoing debates about the new information intermediaries, such as Google, Twitter and Facebook. What is often overlooked in these debates is that the notion of “gatekeeper” is a rather colourful one, with different meanings across and even within disciplines, and with different regulatory consequences.

The goal of this cooperation together with Katharina Kleinen- von Königslöw, a communications scholar and Rob van der Noll, from the area of economic research is to show that the ongoing academic and public policy discourse would benefit from a systematic and a shared understanding of what are the factors and conditions that constitute a “gatekeeper” in a networked environment. Building upon the theory of Network Gatekeeping from Barzilai-Nahon, this study will explore the media law & policy implications of a more dynamic understanding of gatekeeping power, one that also and particularly takes into account the potential of gatekeepers to exercise influence over the  gated.

Publications

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Fahy, R., van Hoboken, J.

European Regulation of Smartphone Ecosystems

European Data Protection Law Review (EDPL), 5 (4), pp. 476-491, 2019.

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van Eijk, N.

Kroniek Telecommunicatierecht

KwartaalSignaal Ars Aequi, (153), pp. 9001-9002, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 14 februari 2019 (Letland / Buivids)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7166-7168, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 24 september 2019 (Google / Frankrijk)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7182-7185, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 24 september 2019 (Google / Frankrijk II)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7197-7200, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie 3 oktober 2019 (Facebook / Glawischnig)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7206-7208, 2019.

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Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini; K. Irion (member of the group of experts)

Fundamental rights review of EU data collection instruments and programmes, Final Report,

2019.

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McGonagle, T., Volgenant, O.

Kroniek Persrecht 2018

Mediaforum, 2019 (5), pp. 167-169, 2019.

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Bednarski, M., Francese Coutinho, M., McGonagle, T., Zimin, A.

Elections and media in digital times

2019, (In-Focus edition of the World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development Series, UNESCO, Paris, November 2019).

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Power, L., van Eijk, N., Zimin, A., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Kansspelreclame: toestaan, beperken, verbieden? : Onderzoek over mogelijke regels voor kansspelreclame voor het Directoraat-Generaal Straffen en Beschermen van het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid

2019.

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Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J.

Sample, sample in my song, can they tell where you are from? The Pelham judgment – Part II

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

Denying journalist access to asylum-seeker ‘reception centre’ in Hungary violated Article 10 ECHR

Strasbourg Observers, 2019.

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Frosio, G., Hugenholtz, P., Husovec, M., Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J., Senftleben, M., van Gompel, S.

Safeguarding User Freedoms in Implementing Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: Recommendations from European Academics

2019.

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Quintais, J.

Safeguarding User Freedoms in Implementing Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: Recommendations from European Academics

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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van Daalen, O.

Justitie toegang geven tot versleutelde chatberichten is geen goed idee

Trouw, 2019, (Opinie).

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Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J.

Sample, sample in my song, can they tell where you are from? The Pelham judgment – Part I

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Appelman, N., Fahy, R., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., McGonagle, T., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

De verspreiding van desinformatie via internetdiensten en de regulering van politieke advertenties

2019, (Tussenrapportage oktober 2019).

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij Rb Noord-Nederland 24 juli 2019 (Piet Hein Eek / Dudink)

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 180-181, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Artikelen 3 en 4 DSM-richtlijn: tekst- en datamining

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 167-171, 2019.

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Keller, P.

Over artikel 14 DSM-richtlijn: Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner digitalen Reproduzierbarkeit: Reactie van een fijnproever

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 172-173, 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Why Quality Journalism Matters? Tarlach McGonagle answers the question ahead of the international conference in Ljubljana

31.10.2019, (Council of Europe video).

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij HvJ EU 31 mei 2016 (Reha Training), HvJ EU 29 november 2017 (Vcast) en HvJ EU 7 augustus 2018 (Renckoff)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 2019 (43), pp. 6142-6145, 2019.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

ECtHR engages in dangerous "triple pirouette" to find criminal prosecution for media coverage of PKK statements did not violate Article 10

Strasbourg Observers, 2019.

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Angelopoulos, C., Quintais, J.

Fixing Copyright Reform: A Better Solution to Online Infringement

JIPITEC, 10 (2), 2019.

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Ausloos, J., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., Vreese, C.H. de, Zarouali, B.

Platform ad archives: promises and pitfalls

Internet Policy Review, 8 (4), 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 2 juli 2019 (nr. 348)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (40), pp. 5658-5659, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 2 juli 2019 (nr. 349)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (40), pp. 5677, 2019.

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Husovec, M., Quintais, J.

How to license Article 17? Exploring the Implementation Options for the New EU Rules on Content-Sharing Platforms

2019, (Working paper).

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Ende, M. van der, Poort, J., Yagafarova, A.

Polderpiraten voor anker

TPEdigitaal, 13 (2), pp. 97-111, 2019.

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Coutinho, M.F., Delinavelli, G., Fahy, R., Irion, K., Jusić, T., Kersevan Smokvina, T., Klimkiewicz, B., Llorens, C., Rozgonyi, K., Svensson, S., Til, G. van

The independence of media regulatory authorities in Europe

2019, (Capello, M. (ed.), IRIS Special 2019-1, European Audiovisual Observatory, Strasbourg).

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Bastian, M., Drunen, M. van, Helberger, N.

Know you algorithm: what media organizations need to explain to their users about news personalization

International Data Privacy Law, 2019 , 2019.

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Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J.

Conference on Freedom of Expression and Copyright: Luxembourg, 7 November 2019

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Mil, J. van

Annotatie bij Rb. Noord-Holland 23 mei 2019

Computerrecht, 2019 (4), pp. 267-273, 2019.

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Bountouridis, D., Harambam, J., Makhortykh, M., van Hoboken, J.

Designing for the Better by Taking Users into Account: A Qualitative Evaluation of User Control Mechanisms in (News) Recommender Systems

RecSys'19: Proceedings of the 13th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems, pp. 69-77, 2019.

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van Eijk, N.

Kroniek Telecommunicatierecht

KwartaalSignaal Ars Aequi, (152), pp. 8935-8936, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Neighbouring Rights are Obsolete

IIC - International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 2019.

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van Gompel, S.

Patent Abolition: A Real-Life Historical Case Study

American University International Law Review, 34 (4), pp. 877-922, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij EHRM 4 december 2018 (Magyar Jeti Zrt / Hongarije)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (33/34), pp. 4691-4693, 2019.

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Hins, A.

Book review of Aleksandra Kuczerawy, Intermediary Liability and Freedom of Expression in the EU

Common Market Law Review, 56 (4), pp. 1154-1155, 2019.

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Poort, J., Quintais, J.

The Decline of Online Piracy: How Markets - Not Enforcement - Drive Down Copyright Infringement

American University International Law Review, 34 (4), pp. 807-876, 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Infographic: ‘The Council of Europe and the safety of journalists’

2019.

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Poort, J., Quintais, J., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

Hosting intermediary services and illegal content online: An analysis of the scope of article 14 ECD in light of developments in the online service landscape

, 2019, ISBN: 9789279930027, (A study prepared for the European Commission DG Communications Networks, Content & Technology, European Union, 2018, 47 p.).

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Kabel, J.

Het prinsesje op de erwt en de tovenaarsleerling

Privacy & Informatie, 22 (3), pp. 89-90, 2019, (Redactioneel).

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Kabel, J.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 29 maart 2019 (Dijkstra / De 4 Jaargetijden): Is artikel 25 Aw nu eindelijk helemaal af?

AMI, 2019 (3), pp. 96-99, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

The New Copyright Directive: Text and Data Mining (Articles 3 and 4)

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Quintais, J.

The New Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: A Critical Look

European Intellectual Property Review, Forthcoming.

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Kostić, B., McGonagle, T.

How Social are New and Social Media for National Minorities? Perspectives from the FCNM

European Yearbook of Minority Issues, 16 (1), pp. 3-33, 2019.

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Poort, J., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Prijsdiscriminatie, privacy en publieke opinie

Ars Aequi, 2019 , pp. 580-590, 2019.

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Helberger, N., Makhortykh, M., Möller, J.

Filter bubbles in the Netherlands

2019, (Report commissioned by the Dutch Media Authority (Commissariaat voor de Media)).

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Giannopoulou, A.

The New Copyright Directive: Article 14 or when the Public Domain Enters the New Copyright Directive

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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1965 entries « 1 of 40 »