Mediapluralism, gatekeepers and governance

Feeding debates, bringing news and exposing people to relevant content is not any longer a privilege of the traditional media. New players in the competition for the attention of users have entered the scene, including search engines, social networks and e-commerce and transaction platforms. And some of them are very powerful. Mathias Döpfner’s open letter to  Google’s Eric Schmidt echoes the concerns of many about the influence of the new players on information markets, public spheres and individual minds but also for the realization of central public values, such as media diversity.

When policy makers and academics speak about search engines, social networks, app platforms  and their impact on media pluralism, the notion of “gatekeeper” and “bottleneck” is often not far away. The qualification of the new information intermediaries as gatekeeper is not only a matter of rhetoric. From the legal and public policy point of view, we have a long tradition of disciplining gatekeeper control, also and particularly if such control threatens the realization of important public policy goals, such as media diversity and functioning competition at the market place of ideas. This is why classifying Google, or Face book or ITunes or any of the ‘new information intermediaries’ a gateway or bottleneck to diverse media markets can have far-reaching regulatory consequences. And, indeed, as this study will show, many of the traditional tools of “platform regulation” have also been brought forward in one way or other, in the ongoing debates about the new information intermediaries, such as Google, Twitter and Facebook. What is often overlooked in these debates is that the notion of “gatekeeper” is a rather colourful one, with different meanings across and even within disciplines, and with different regulatory consequences.

The goal of this cooperation together with Katharina Kleinen- von Königslöw, a communications scholar and Rob van der Noll, from the area of economic research is to show that the ongoing academic and public policy discourse would benefit from a systematic and a shared understanding of what are the factors and conditions that constitute a “gatekeeper” in a networked environment. Building upon the theory of Network Gatekeeping from Barzilai-Nahon, this study will explore the media law & policy implications of a more dynamic understanding of gatekeeping power, one that also and particularly takes into account the potential of gatekeepers to exercise influence over the  gated.

Publications

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Harkai, I., Katzenbach, C., Magalhães, J.C., Mezei, P., Quintais, J., Riis, T., Schwemer, S.

Webinar on Public and Regulatory Framework of Online Intermediaries

2020.

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van Eijk, N.

Telecommunicatierecht

Handboek Consumentenrecht, red. E.H. Hondius & V. Mak, Chapter 16, pp. 391-402, Uitgeverij Paris, 5e druk, 2020, ISBN: 9789462512108.

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Appelman, N., Fahy, R., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., McGonagle, T., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

The legal framework on the dissemination of disinformation through Internet services and the regulation of political advertising

2020, (A report for the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Amsterdam, December 2019).

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Appelman, N., Fahy, R., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., McGonagle, T., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

Het juridisch kader voor de verspreiding van desinformatie via internetdiensten en de regulering van politieke advertenties

2020, (Rapport voor het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, Amsterdam, december 2019).

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Senftleben, M.

Flexibility Grave – Partial Reproduction Focus and Closed System Fetishism in CJEU, Pelham

IIC, 2020.

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McGonagle, T., Voorhoof, D.

Freedom of Expression, the Media and Journalists: Case-law of the European Court of Human Rights

2020, (IRIS Themes - Volume III (5th edition), European Audiovisual Observatory, Strasbourg).

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Dreier, T., Derclaye E., Geiger, C., Griffiths, J., Hilty, R., Hugenholtz, P., Metzger, A., Riis, T., Rognstad, O.A., Senftleben, M., Strowel, A.M., Synodinou, T., Xalabarder, R.

Selected Aspects of Implementing Article 17 of the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market into National Law – Comment of the European Copyright Society

2020.

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Appelman, N., Bodó, B., Schwichow, H. von

Money talks? The impact of corporate funding on information law research

2020, (Amsterdam: IViR, Berlin: European Hub of the NoC).

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Helberger, N.

Statement Prof. Dr. Natali Helberger bij Rondetafelgesprek over de Corona-app in de Tweede Kamer op 22 April 2020

2020.

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Flynn, S., Geiger, C., Quintais, J.

Implementing User Rights for Research in the Field of Artificial Intelligence: A Call for Action at International Level

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Carroll, M., Flynn, S., Geiger, C., Guibault, L., Margoni, T., Quintais, J., Sag, M.

Implementing User Rights for Research in the Field of Artificial Intelligence: A Call for International Action

European Intellectual Property Review, 2020 (7), Forthcoming.

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Senftleben, M.

From Flexible Balancing Tool to Quasi-Constitutional Straitjacket - How the EU Cultivates the Constraining Function of the Three-Step Test

2020, (Chapter in T. Mylly/J. Griffiths (eds.), The Transformation of Global Intellectual Property Protection, Oxford: Oxford University Press 2020, forthcoming.).

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McGonagle, T.

Infographic: ‘The Council of Europe and the safety of journalists’

2020.

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Senftleben, M.

Institutionalized Algorithmic Enforcement - The Pros and Cons of the EU Approach to UGC Platform Liability

Florida International University Law Review, 14 , Forthcoming.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij HvJ EU 1 oktober 2019 (Planet 49)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (13/14), pp. 1671-1673, 2020, (nr. 98).

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij HvJ EU 29 juli 2019 (Fashion ID)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (13/14), pp. 1659-1661, 2020, (nr. 97).

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Bernstein, A., Helberger, N., Schulz, W., Vreese, C.H. de, Zweig, K.A.

Diversity, Fairness, and Data-Driven Personalization in (News) Recommender System

Dagstuhl Reports, 9 (11), pp. 117-124, 2020, (Report from Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 19482).

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Irion, K., Yakovleva, S.

Pitching trade against privacy: reconciling EU governance of personal data flows with external trade

International Data Privacy Law, 2020.

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Poort, J., Power, L., Zimin, A., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Rien ne va plus: Reclame en onlinekansspelen

SEW, (3), pp. 116-126, 2020.

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Bouchè, G.

Belgian court asks CJEU whether seeding is communicating to the public

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Helberger, N., Makhortykh, M., Poort, J.

Four tales of sci-fi and information law

Internet Policy Review, 9 (1), 2020, (Editorial).

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Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Strengthening legal protection against discrimination by algorithms and artificial intelligence

The International Journal of Human Rights, 2020.

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Stapel, S.

Stichting Brein versus Safe Harbour: The Ongoing Battle Between Intermediaries and Right Holders

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Stapel, S.

Preliminary ruling to the CJEU on geographical boundaries of UCD novelty assessment

Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 15 (4), pp. 240-241, 2020, (Current Intelligence).

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Giannopoulou, A.

Algorithmic systems: the consent is in the detail?

Internet Policy Review, 9 (1), 2020.

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Eskens, S.

The personal information sphere: An integral approach to privacy and related information and communication rights

JASIST, 2020.

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Korthals Altes, W.

Rechter en uitingsvrijheid – een actueel thema

Mediaforum, (1), pp. 1, 2020, (Opinie).

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McGonagle, T.

Much ado about judges: perspectieven van het EHRM

Mediaforum, (1), pp. 2-6, 2020.

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Bastian, M., Drunen, M. van, Eskens, S., Helberger, N., Möller, J.

Implications of AI-driven tools in the media for freedom of expression

2020, (Council of Europe, September 2019).

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 5 november 2019 en Hoge Raad 3 december 2019

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (10), pp. 1368-1369, 2020.

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Behrens, C., Brouwer, E., van Eechoud, M., Witteman, J.

Toegang tot data uit apparaten: Praktijk, marktfalen en publieke belangen

2020, ISBN: 9789067339742, (SEO-rapport nr. 2019-29).

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Yakovleva, S.

Privacy Protection(ism): The Latest Wave of Trade Constraints on Regulatory Autonomy

University of Miami Law Review, 74 (2), pp. 416-519, 2020.

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Bouchè, G.

BGH: uploading a free-trial version of Microsoft Office is also making available to the public

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Frosio, G., Hugenholtz, P., Husovec, M., Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J., Senftleben, M., van Gompel, S.

Safeguarding User Freedoms in Implementing Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: Recommendations from European Academics

JIPITEC, vol. 10 (nr. 3 - 2019), 2020.

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Bogataj Jancic, M., Botero, C., Butler, B., Carroll, M., Craig, C., Flynn, S., Geiger, C., Guibault, L., Jaszi, P., Margoni, T., Ncube, C., Quintais, J., Rocha de Souza, A., Sag, M., Scaria, A.G., White, B.

Joint Comment to WIPO on Copyright and Artificial Intelligence

2020.

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van Gompel, S.

Artikelen 8 tot en met 11 DSM-richtlijn: Niet of niet meer in de handel zijnde werken en andere materialen

AMI, (1), pp. 3-10, 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P.

In Memoriam Jan Kabel

AMI, (1), pp. 1-2, 2020.

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van Hoboken, J.

The Privacy Disconnect

Chapter in: Human Rights in the Age of Platforms, ed. R.F. Jørgensen, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2019., pp. 255-284, 2020, ISBN: 9780262039055.

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McGonagle, T.

The Council of Europe and Internet Intermediaries: A Case Study of Tentative Posturing

Chapter in: Human Rights in the Age of Platforms, ed. R.F. Jørgensen, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2019., pp. 227-253, 2020, ISBN: 9780262039055.

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Ducato, R., Hegladóttir, A., Mazgal, A., Quintais, J., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Panel discussion at CPDP 2020: We need to talk about filters: algorithmic copyright enforcement vs data protection.

06.02.2020.

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McGonagle, T.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie van de EU 3 oktober 2019 (Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek)

European Human Rights Cases Updates, 2020.

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McGonagle, T.

Szurovecz t. Hongarije (EHRM, nr. 15428/16) - Court underscores importance of direct news-gathering by journalists

European Human Rights Cases, 2020.

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Dommering, E.

De 'Affaire Ruf': Crisis in het Stedelijk Museum

Brave New Books, 2020, ISBN: 9789402133592.

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Hugenholtz, P., Poort, J.

Film Financing in the Digital Single Market: Challenges to Territoriality

IIC, 51 (2), pp. 167-186, 2020.

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Hins, A.

Annotatie bij EHRM 12 november 2019 (Schweizerische Radio- und Fernsehgesellschaft e.a. Zwitserland)

European Human Rights Cases - Updates, 2020.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

Journalist and editor’s conviction for incitement to religious hatred violated Article 10

2020.

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Irion, K., Williams, J.

Prospective Policy Study on Artificial Intelligence and EU Trade Policy

2020.

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Keller, P.

Article 17 stakeholder dialogue: What we have learned so far - Part 2

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Keller, P.

Article 17 stakeholder dialogue: What we have learned so far - Part 1

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Dobber, T., Fahy, R., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

The regulation of online political micro-targeting in Europe

Internet Policy Review, 8 (4), 2020.

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2028 entries « 1 of 41 »