Mediapluralism, gatekeepers and governance

Feeding debates, bringing news and exposing people to relevant content is not any longer a privilege of the traditional media. New players in the competition for the attention of users have entered the scene, including search engines, social networks and e-commerce and transaction platforms. And some of them are very powerful. Mathias Döpfner’s open letter to  Google’s Eric Schmidt echoes the concerns of many about the influence of the new players on information markets, public spheres and individual minds but also for the realization of central public values, such as media diversity.

When policy makers and academics speak about search engines, social networks, app platforms  and their impact on media pluralism, the notion of “gatekeeper” and “bottleneck” is often not far away. The qualification of the new information intermediaries as gatekeeper is not only a matter of rhetoric. From the legal and public policy point of view, we have a long tradition of disciplining gatekeeper control, also and particularly if such control threatens the realization of important public policy goals, such as media diversity and functioning competition at the market place of ideas. This is why classifying Google, or Face book or ITunes or any of the ‘new information intermediaries’ a gateway or bottleneck to diverse media markets can have far-reaching regulatory consequences. And, indeed, as this study will show, many of the traditional tools of “platform regulation” have also been brought forward in one way or other, in the ongoing debates about the new information intermediaries, such as Google, Twitter and Facebook. What is often overlooked in these debates is that the notion of “gatekeeper” is a rather colourful one, with different meanings across and even within disciplines, and with different regulatory consequences.

The goal of this cooperation together with Katharina Kleinen- von Königslöw, a communications scholar and Rob van der Noll, from the area of economic research is to show that the ongoing academic and public policy discourse would benefit from a systematic and a shared understanding of what are the factors and conditions that constitute a “gatekeeper” in a networked environment. Building upon the theory of Network Gatekeeping from Barzilai-Nahon, this study will explore the media law & policy implications of a more dynamic understanding of gatekeeping power, one that also and particularly takes into account the potential of gatekeepers to exercise influence over the  gated.

Publications

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Hugenholtz, P.

In Memoriam Jan Kabel

AMI, (1), pp. 1-2, 2020.

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van Gompel, S.

Artikelen 8 tot en met 11 DSM-richtlijn: Niet of niet meer in de handel zijnde werken en andere materialen

AMI, (1), pp. 3-10, 2020.

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McGonagle, T.

The Council of Europe and Internet Intermediaries: A Case Study of Tentative Posturing

Chapter in: Human Rights in the Age of Platforms, ed. R.F. Jørgensen, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2019., pp. 227-253, 2020, ISBN: 9780262039055.

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van Hoboken, J.

The Privacy Disconnect

Chapter in: Human Rights in the Age of Platforms, ed. R.F. Jørgensen, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2019., pp. 255-284, 2020, ISBN: 9780262039055.

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Ducato, R., Hegladóttir, A., Mazgal, A., Quintais, J., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Panel discussion at CPDP 2020: We need to talk about filters: algorithmic copyright enforcement vs data protection.

06.02.2020.

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McGonagle, T.

Szurovecz t. Hongarije (EHRM, nr. 15428/16) - Court underscores importance of direct news-gathering by journalists

European Human Rights Cases, 2020.

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Hugenholtz, P., Poort, J.

Film Financing in the Digital Single Market: Challenges to Territoriality

IIC, 51 (2), pp. 167-186, 2020.

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Dommering, E.

De 'Affaire Ruf': Crisis in het Stedelijk Museum

Brave New Books, 2020, ISBN: 9789402133592.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

Journalist and editor’s conviction for incitement to religious hatred violated Article 10

2020.

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Irion, K., Williams, J.

Prospective Policy Study on Artificial Intelligence and EU Trade Policy

2020.

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Dobber, T., Fahy, R., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

The regulation of online political micro-targeting in Europe

Internet Policy Review, 8 (4), 2020.

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Keller, P.

Article 17 stakeholder dialogue: What we have learned so far - Part 1

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Keller, P.

Article 17 stakeholder dialogue: What we have learned so far - Part 2

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2020.

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Dommering, E.

‘Stedelijk Museum verkeert al sinds 2003 in crisis’

Het Parool, 2020, (Opinie).

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Irion, K., Yakovleva, S.

Toward Compatibility of the EU Trade Policy with the General Data Protection Regulation

AJIL Unbound, 114 , pp. 10-14, 2020.

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Quintais, J.

The New Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: A Critical Look

European Intellectual Property Review, 42 (1), pp. 28-41, 2020.

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Dommering, E.

De arresten Funke Medien, Spiegel Onlineen Pelham van het HvJ EU van 29 juli 2019

AMI, 2019 (6), pp. 185-191, 2020.

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van Eechoud, M.

Artikel 15 DSM-richtlijn: bescherming van perspublicaties met betrekking tot onlinegebruik (persuitgeversrecht)

AMI, 2019 (6), pp. 197-202, 2020.

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van Daalen, O.

Openingssalvo in nieuwe Nederlandse Crypto Wars?

Mediaforum, 2019 (6), pp. 205, 2020, (Opinie).

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Goldstein, P., Hugenholtz, P.

International Copyright: Principles, Law, and Practice

Oxford University Press, 2019.

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Giannopoulou, A.

Access and Reuse of Machine-Generated Data for Scientific Research

Erasmus Law Review, (2), pp. 155-165, 2019.

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Rucz, M.

Does the doctrine of exhaustion apply to videogames purchased digitally? French court says oui

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Fahy, R., van Hoboken, J.

European Regulation of Smartphone Ecosystems

European Data Protection Law Review (EDPL), 5 (4), pp. 476-491, 2019.

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van Eijk, N.

Kroniek Telecommunicatierecht

KwartaalSignaal Ars Aequi, (153), pp. 9001-9002, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 14 februari 2019 (Letland / Buivids)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7166-7168, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 24 september 2019 (Google / Frankrijk)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7182-7185, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 24 september 2019 (Google / Frankrijk II)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7197-7200, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie 3 oktober 2019 (Facebook / Glawischnig)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (48/49), pp. 7206-7208, 2019.

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Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini, Irion, K.

Fundamental rights review of EU data collection instruments and programmes

2019, (Final report).

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McGonagle, T., Volgenant, O.

Kroniek Persrecht 2018

Mediaforum, 2019 (5), pp. 167-169, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Spinoza en het internet: tussen ‘libertas philosophandi’ en het ‘ultimi barbarorum’

24.11.2019.

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Bednarski, M., Francese Coutinho, M., McGonagle, T., Zimin, A.

Elections and media in digital times

2019, (In-Focus edition of the World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development Series, UNESCO, Paris, November 2019).

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Power, L., van Eijk, N., Zimin, A., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Kansspelreclame: toestaan, beperken, verbieden? : Onderzoek over mogelijke regels voor kansspelreclame voor het Directoraat-Generaal Straffen en Beschermen van het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid

2019.

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Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J.

Sample, sample in my song, can they tell where you are from? The Pelham judgment – Part II

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

Denying journalist access to asylum-seeker ‘reception centre’ in Hungary violated Article 10 ECHR

Strasbourg Observers, 2019.

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Frosio, G., Hugenholtz, P., Husovec, M., Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J., Senftleben, M., van Gompel, S.

Safeguarding User Freedoms in Implementing Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: Recommendations from European Academics

2019.

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Quintais, J.

Safeguarding User Freedoms in Implementing Article 17 of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive: Recommendations from European Academics

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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van Daalen, O.

Justitie toegang geven tot versleutelde chatberichten is geen goed idee

Trouw, 2019, (Opinie).

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Jütte, B.J., Quintais, J.

Sample, sample in my song, can they tell where you are from? The Pelham judgment – Part I

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019.

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Appelman, N., Fahy, R., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., McGonagle, T., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

De verspreiding van desinformatie via internetdiensten en de regulering van politieke advertenties

2019, (Tussenrapportage oktober 2019).

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij Rb Noord-Nederland 24 juli 2019 (Piet Hein Eek / Dudink)

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 180-181, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Artikelen 3 en 4 DSM-richtlijn: tekst- en datamining

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 167-171, 2019.

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Keller, P.

Over artikel 14 DSM-richtlijn: Das Kunstwerk im Zeitalter seiner digitalen Reproduzierbarkeit: Reactie van een fijnproever

AMI, 2019 (5), pp. 172-173, 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Why Quality Journalism Matters? Tarlach McGonagle answers the question ahead of the international conference in Ljubljana

31.10.2019, (Council of Europe video).

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij HvJ EU 31 mei 2016 (Reha Training), HvJ EU 29 november 2017 (Vcast) en HvJ EU 7 augustus 2018 (Renckoff)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 2019 (43), pp. 6142-6145, 2019.

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Rucz, M.

Territorial scope of the “right to erasure” limited to the EU

IRIS, 2019.

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Fahy, R., Voorhoof, D.

ECtHR engages in dangerous "triple pirouette" to find criminal prosecution for media coverage of PKK statements did not violate Article 10

Strasbourg Observers, 2019.

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Angelopoulos, C., Quintais, J.

Fixing Copyright Reform: A Better Solution to Online Infringement

JIPITEC, 10 (2), 2019.

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Ausloos, J., Helberger, N., Leerssen, P., Vreese, C.H. de, Zarouali, B.

Platform ad archives: promises and pitfalls

Internet Policy Review, 8 (4), 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 2 juli 2019 (nr. 348)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, (40), pp. 5658-5659, 2019.

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1988 entries « 1 of 40 »