Mediapluralism, gatekeepers and governance

Feeding debates, bringing news and exposing people to relevant content is not any longer a privilege of the traditional media. New players in the competition for the attention of users have entered the scene, including search engines, social networks and e-commerce and transaction platforms. And some of them are very powerful. Mathias Döpfner’s open letter to  Google’s Eric Schmidt echoes the concerns of many about the influence of the new players on information markets, public spheres and individual minds but also for the realization of central public values, such as media diversity.

When policy makers and academics speak about search engines, social networks, app platforms  and their impact on media pluralism, the notion of “gatekeeper” and “bottleneck” is often not far away. The qualification of the new information intermediaries as gatekeeper is not only a matter of rhetoric. From the legal and public policy point of view, we have a long tradition of disciplining gatekeeper control, also and particularly if such control threatens the realization of important public policy goals, such as media diversity and functioning competition at the market place of ideas. This is why classifying Google, or Face book or ITunes or any of the ‘new information intermediaries’ a gateway or bottleneck to diverse media markets can have far-reaching regulatory consequences. And, indeed, as this study will show, many of the traditional tools of “platform regulation” have also been brought forward in one way or other, in the ongoing debates about the new information intermediaries, such as Google, Twitter and Facebook. What is often overlooked in these debates is that the notion of “gatekeeper” is a rather colourful one, with different meanings across and even within disciplines, and with different regulatory consequences.

The goal of this cooperation together with Katharina Kleinen- von Königslöw, a communications scholar and Rob van der Noll, from the area of economic research is to show that the ongoing academic and public policy discourse would benefit from a systematic and a shared understanding of what are the factors and conditions that constitute a “gatekeeper” in a networked environment. Building upon the theory of Network Gatekeeping from Barzilai-Nahon, this study will explore the media law & policy implications of a more dynamic understanding of gatekeeping power, one that also and particularly takes into account the potential of gatekeepers to exercise influence over the  gated.

Publications

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Fahy, R.

The Chilling Effect of Turkey’s Article 301 Insult Law

European Human Rights Law Review , 2019 (3), pp. 298-308, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

De Europese informatierechtsorde

deLex, 2019, ISBN: 9789086920716 .

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Quintais, J.

The New Copyright Directive: A tour d’horizon – Part I

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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van Eijk, N.

Kroniek Telecommunicatierecht

KwartaalSignaal Ars Aequi, 2019 (151), pp. 8866-8867, 2019.

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Drunen, M. van, Helberger, N., Leerssen, P.

Germany proposes Europe's first diversity rules for social media platforms

LSE Media Policy Project Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 6 oktober 2017 (Copydan)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 2019 (21/22), pp. 3068-3070, 2019.

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Harambam, J.

Overwegingen en advies vaccinatieproblematiek vanuit een antropologisch perspectief

2019 , pp. 39-42, 2019, (In: Hoe nu verder met de vaccinatietwijfel?: Tien adviezen aan Staatssecretaris Paul Blokhuis, red. Roland Pierik, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2019. ISBN 9789090317144.).

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Kabel, J.

Annotatie bij Hof Amsterdam 27 november 2018 (Nomenta / Nikki)

AMI, 2019 (2), pp. 72, 2019.

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van Eechoud, M.

Annotatie bij Rb. Den Haag 12 december 2018 (FPI Ghana / Koas c.s.)

AMI, 2019 (2), pp. 73-74, 2019.

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Gervais, D.J.

Can Machines be Authors?

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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Helberger, N., Makhortykh, M., Möller, J.

Filter bubbles in the Netherlands?

2019, (Rapport in opdracht van het Commissariaat voor de Media.).

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van Daalen, O.

Óók soft- en hardware die niet uit China komen zijn notoir onveilig. Hacken is het probleem, niet Huawei

2019, (Opinie in de Volkskrant).

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McGonagle, T., Volgenant, O.

Persvrijheidsmonitor 2018

2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Annotatie bij EHRM 10 januari 2019 (Khadija Ismayilova / Azerbeidzjan)

European Human Rights Cases, 2019 (5), pp. 257-260, 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Annotatie bij Hof van Justitie EU 14 februari 2019 (Buivids)

European Human Rights Cases, 2019 (5), pp. 253-255, 2019.

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van Hoboken, J.

The Proposed EU Terrorism Content Regulation: Analysis and Recommendations with Respect to Freedom of Expression Implications

2019.

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Heller, B., van Hoboken, J.

Freedom of Expression: A Comparative Summary of United States and European Law

2019.

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Jütte, B., Quintais, J.

Advocate General Turns down the Music - Sampling Is Not a Fundamental Right under EU Copyright Law

European Intellectual Property Review (forthcoming), 2019.

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Mil, J. van

German Federal Court of Justice asks CJEU if YouTube is directly liable for user-uploaded content

Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice , 14 (5), pp. 355-356, 2019.

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Bednarski, M., Coutinho, M.F., McGonagle, T., Zimin, A.

Preview: Elections and media in digital times

2019, (Preview of an In-Focus edition of the World Trends in Freedom and Expression and Media Development).

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Leerssen, P., Tworek, H.,

An Analysis of Germany's NetzDG Law

2019, ( First working paper of the Transatlantic High Level Working Group on Content Moderation Online and Freedom of Expression).

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van Eechoud, M.

Schriftelijke inbreng Rondetafelgesprek wijziging Handelsregisterwet

2019, (Vaste Commissie voor Economische Zaken en Klimaat, Tweede Kamer).

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Irion, K.

Third Annual Detlev F. Vagts Roundtable on Transnational Law: Data Protection in a Global World

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting - American Society of International Law, 112 , pp. 220-226, 2019.

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Ryngaert, C.M.J., van Eijk, N.

International cooperation by (European) security and intelligence services: reviewing the creation of a joint database in light of data protection guarantees

International Data Privacy Law, 2019 (1), pp. 61-73, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

The WIPO Broadcasting Treaty. A Conceptual Conundrum

European Intellectual Property Review, 2019 (4), pp. 199-202, 2019, (This opinion is based on a keynote speech delivered at the KEI Seminar, "Appraising the WIPO Broadcast treaty and its Implications on Access to Culture", Geneva, 3-4 October 2018.).

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Til, G. van

Zelfregulering door online platforms: een waar wondermiddel tegen online desinformatie?

Mediaforum, 2019 (1), pp. 2-13, 2019.

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van Eechoud, M.

Wetsvoorstel open overheid nadert eindstreep

Mediaforum, 2019 (1), pp. 1, 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Annotatie bij EHRM 4 december 2018 (Magyar Jeti Zrt / Hongarije)

European Human Rights Cases, 2019 (3), pp. 170-174, 2019.

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Dommering, E.

Annotatie bij EHRM 28 juni 2018 (M.L. en W.W. / Duitsland)

Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 2019 (12), pp. 1624-1626, 2019.

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Bodó, B.

The science of piracy, the piracy of science. Who are the science pirates and where do they come from: Part 2

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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Bodó, B., Dobber, T., Fahy, R., Irion, K., Kruikemeier, S., Möller, J., Stapel, S., Vreese, C.H. de, Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Online politieke microtargeting: Een zegen of een vloek voor de democratie?

Nederlands Juristenblad (NJB), 2019 (10), pp. 528-669, 2019.

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van Eijk, N.

Kroniek Telecommunicatierecht

KwartaalSignaal Ars Aequi, 2019 (150), pp. 8813-8814, 2019.

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Coche, E.

Heks'nkaas or the "Fifty Shades of Taste" Explained by the CJEU through EU Copyright Law

European Intellectual Property Review, 2019 (3), pp. 173-180, 2019.

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Delinavelli, G.

The EU Counterfeit & Piracy Watch List: political aims and legal challenges

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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Bodó, B.

The science of piracy, the piracy of science. Who are the science pirates and where do they come from: Part 1

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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van Gompel, S.

Smaak, auteursrecht en objectafbakening: over perceptie en bepaalbaarheid

AMI, 2019 (1), pp. 9-16, 2019.

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Hugenholtz, P.

Openbaarheid van tarieven en licentievoorwaarden van cbo’s

AMI, 2019 (1), pp. 1-8, 2019.

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van Eechoud, M.

Annotatie bij Hoge Raad 8 juni 2018 (Pearson)

AMI, 2019 (1), pp. 34-39, 2019.

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van Eechoud, M.

Annotatie bij Rb. Den Haag 19 november 2018 (TVS / Revo)

AMI, 2019 (1), pp. 40-41, 2019.

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Hoofnagle, C.J., van der Sloot, B., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

The European Union General Data Protection Regulation: What It Is And What It Means

Information & Communications Technology Law, 2019 , 2019.

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Poort, J., Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Does everyone have a price? Understanding people’s attitude towards online and offline price discrimination

Internet Policy Review, 8 (1), 2019.

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McGonagle, T.

Annotatie bij EHRM 28 augustus 2018 (Savva Terentyyev / Rusland)

European Human Rights Cases, (1), pp. 10-14, 2019.

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Thije, P. ten

Bastei Lübbe: “Fundamental Rights as a defence to circumvent enforcement of Copyright protection? No!”, says CJEU.

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2019 , 2019.

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Til, G. van

The Netherlands in 'Automating Society – Taking Stock of Automated Decision-Making in the EU'

2019.

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Zuiderveen Borgesius, F.

Discrimination, artificial intelligence, and algorithmic decision-making

, 2019.

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Fahy, R., van Eijk, N., van Hoboken, J.

The Data-Driven Transformation of Games to Services: Mobile Platforms, User Data Governance and the Shaping of App Business Models

Computational Culture (forthcoming 2019, abstract accepted), 2019 , 2019.

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Schroff, S.

An alternative universe? Authors as copyright owners- the case of the Japanese Manga Industry

Creative Industries Journal, 2019 , 2019.

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Mil, J. van

German BGH – Does YouTube Perform Acts of Communication to the Public?

Kluwer Copyright Blog, 2018 , 2019.

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van Gompel, S.

Annotatie bij Rb. Amsterdam 27 augustus 2018 (Rutten / RF Mediaproducties)

AMI, 2018 (6), pp. 257, 2019.

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van Gompel, S.

Annotatie bij Rb. Overijssel 12 juni 2018 (Eiser / Rijksuniversiteit Groningen)

AMI, 2018 (6), pp. 259-260, 2019.

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1902 entries « 1 of 39 »