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Joost Poort is senior economic researcher at the Institute for Information Law
since July 1st 2011. He adds an economic perspective to various research
projects in media, copyright and telecommunication. Meanwhile, he is writing
his thesis in this field. He performed a large number
of studies on market structure and regulation in a variety of markets. Also,
he has done much research at the interface culture, heritage and economics.
Over the years, he has specialized in the economic aspects of copyright,
telecommunication and media. In many of these studies at SEO, he co-operated
with the Institute for Information Law.
He graduated in Physics at the University of Utrecht, The Netherlands with
1st class honors. A year later, he graduated in the Philosophy of Science.
During his studies, he spent a year at University College Cork (Ireland). In
1998, Joost started as an economic researcher at Nyenrode Forum for Economic
Research (NYFER). Since 2003, he has worked at SEO Economic Research: first
as a senior researcher, and since 2008 as head of the Section Competition
Policy and Regulation.
At SEO Economic Research and earlier at NYFER, he is first author and in
most cases project leader of a large number of reports. Besides, he wrote
various position papers for different Government Departments. Also, he
regularly speaks at conferences, attends expert meetings and public debates,
and writes in both scientific and popular media.
(with J. Leenheer)
File sharing 2@12: Downloading from illegal sources in
the Netherlands, 30 November 2012.
Study conducted at the
initiative and under the authority of IViR and
CentERdata, with financial support from the Netherlands
Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, Ziggo, KPN,
XS4ALL, DELTA, CAIW and the Royal Dutch Book Trade
This is the English
translation of a
released in October 2012 in The Netherlands.
(met P. Rutten),
Unauthorised file sharing, in:
Cyber Safety: an
introduction, R. Leukfeldt & W. Stol (ed.), The
Hague: Eleven International Publishing 2012, p. 143-155.
(with R. van der Noll, S.J. van
Gompel, L. Guibault, J. Weda, I. Akker &
Flexible Copyright: The Law and Economics of Introducing
and Open Norm in the Netherlands, study commissioned
by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture &
Innovation, SEO-rapport nr. 2012-60, Amsterdam, August
This study analyses the law and
economics of introducing flexibility in the system
of exceptions and limitations in Dutch copyright
law. Flexibility would exist in an open norm, on the
basis of which the courts can decide whether certain
uses of copyrighted material are permissible or not,
instead of explicitly defining this in the law. The
report assesses problem areas where the lack of
flexibility creates legal disputes and potential
barriers to innovation and production. The core of
the study concerns the analysis of the economic
rationale and effects of introducing flexibility in
the Dutch legal order in the form of an open norm.
(with M. Keste and N.A.N.M. van Eijk) Valuing
commercial radio licences, European Journal of Law and
Within the EU
regulatory framework, licensees for commercial radio
broadcasting may be charged a fee to ensure optimal
allocation of scarce resources but not to maximize
public revenues. While radio licence renewal occurs
in many EU countries, an objective, model-based
approach for setting licence fees has not been used
so far. In this paper, it is described how such a
fee can be determined for the purpose of licence
renewal or extension. National and regional Dutch FM
licences were valued, taking into account that
simulcast broadcasting of digital and analogue radio
is obligatory upon extension. Licences are valued
using discounted cash flow methodology, whereby the
cash flows of an averagely efficient entrant are
taken as the benchmark for valuation of each
individual licence. Cash flows during the licence
period 2011–2017 are forecast based on generalized
least squares regressions, using financial variables
of Dutch radio stations for the years 2004–2008.
Separately, bottom-up cost and investment models are
used to calculate analogue and digital distribution
costs. This results in a value per licence, based on
objective licence characteristics, which can be used
to set licence fees if administrative renewal or
extension is opted for instead of a new auction or
For students and
researchers, access to the article is available at the
Springer database, through your own university
(with N.A.N.M. van Eijk, I. Akker,
B. van der Sloot & P.
Digitally binding: Examining the feasibility of charging
a fixed price for e-books, Report commissioned by
the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OC&W),
Amsterdam, March 2012.
Legal price fixing for printed books
in the Dutch and Frisian languages was introduced in
the Netherlands in 2005. Publishers today are
required to fix retail prices for new books and
retailers are required to charge the prices set.
Fixed prices are valid for an indefinite period, but
publishers are permitted to adjust them after a
period of six months and to discard the fixed price
altogether after a year. The Resale Price
Maintenance (Books) Act (Wet op de vaste
boekenprijs) seeks to contribute towards a large
and varied stock and wide geographic availability of
books, as well as towards public participation
(purchasing and reading habits). With the emergence
of e-books, the question arises as to whether it
would be possible and desirable to introduce legally
enforced price fixing for digital books too. This
study examines the feasibility and enforceability of
resale price maintenance (RPM) for e-books and
analyses the functionality in terms of the degree to
which it contributes to pluralism and the broad
availability of supply, the market structure of the
book business and the diversity and availability of
Originally published in Dutch as:
Digitaal gebonden: Onderzoek naar de functionaliteit van
een vaste prijs voor het e-boek.
Universal service and disabled people,
Telecommunications Policy, 2012-36, p. 85-95.
The EU regulatory
framework enacted 25 May 2011 has the objective to
provide functionally equal access to telecommunications
services for disabled persons. What are the rules, who
are the target groups, and what obstacles do they face
when using various telecommunication services? And what
arrangements do exist in a selected group of six EU
Member States to remove these obstacles? Recommendations
include the introduction of a more market-oriented
approach, independent of specific networks.
(with P. Rutten), File
Sharing and its Impact on Business Models in Music, in:
Internet Econometrics, S. Allegrezza & A.
Dubrocard (red.), Palgrave Macmillan 2012.
van Eijk and P. Rutten)
Legal, economic and cultural aspects of file sharing,
Communications & Strategies, 2010-77, p. 35-54.
(with J. Hoo)
Assessing the value of flexibility in the Dutch office
sector using real option analysis, Proceedings of
conference 'Building networks for a brighter future', TU
Delft, Rotterdam, 2007.
|A selection of
SEO-Researchreports (These publications can be found at:
- (with R. van der Noll)
Assessing the economic contribution of the copyright-based
industries, Amsterdam: SEO-report 2011-63;
(with I. Akker, R. van der Noll
and F. Tewes) Economic contribution of EU industries
relying on exceptions and limitations to copyright,
Amsterdam: SEO-report 2010-30;
(with A. Huygen, P. Rutten, S.
Huveneers, S. Limonard, J. Leenheer, K.S. Janssen,
van Eijk and N. Helberger)
Ups and downs. Economic and cultural effects of file
sharing on music, film and games, Delft/Amsterdam: