IViR has been a partner
organisation of the European Audiovisual Observatory since
1994. In the framework of this partnership agreement there
is close collaboration on themes of common interest,
notably in the conducting of research projects, the
preparation of publications
and the organisation of workshops.
Annabel Brody coordinates an international network of
media law experts who contribute to IRIS - Legal
Observations of the European Audiovisual Observatory.
She also writes for IRIS and edits contributions to
the publication written by experts from the network. Tarlach
McGonagle is responsible for coordinating general
policy matters with the Observatory and Nico
van Eijk is a member of the Observatory’s Advisory
Established in 1992, the European
Audiovisual Observatory has the primary goal of
collecting and diffusing information on the audiovisual
industry in Europe. It is a public service body comprising
35 Member States and the European Union. A brief summary
of its activities is provided
IRIS - Legal
Observations of the European Audiovisual Observatory
is a monthly publication which covers recent legal
developments concerning broadcasting, film, new
media/technologies and related areas of law. The focus is
on national and international developments alike. It is
published in three languages (English, French and German).
IViR is responsible for the collection and processing of
information from its international network of experts,
which currently comprises 20 (mainly western European)
countries. IViR also has responsibility for monitoring and
reporting on relevant developments in the European Union
and the Council of Europe.
Since January 2010,
is available in electronic form on a free-of-charge basis.
Articles from past issues of IRIS are
also available free-of-charge online in the searchable IRIS
Every other edition of
the IRIS newsletter includes a thematic supplement
known as IRIS plus. This supplement allows for
topical issues relating to the European audiovisual sector
to be explored in considerable depth. IViR provides two IRIS
plus articles each year. Recent topics have included:
Public Sector Information and Audiovisual Archives,
IRIS plus, 2013-5, C. Jasserand;
User-generated Content and Audiovisual News: The Ups
and Downs of an Uncertain Relationship, IRIS
plus, 2013-2, T. McGonagle;
Regulation: A Must or a Burden?,
IRIS plus, 2012-5,
van Eijk &
B. van der Sloot;
Determining the Term of Protection for Films:
When Does a Film Fall into the Public Domain in
Europe?, IRIS plus,
Neutrality on Audiovisual Services, IRIS plus,
Literacy: No longer the Shrinking Violet of European
Audiovisual Media Regulation?, IRIS plus,
2011-3, T. McGonagle;
Dividend: Opportunities and Obstacles, IRIS plus,
2010-6, T. McGonagle
& D. Korteweg;
Product Placement in European Audiovisual
Productions, IRIS plus, 2010-3,
Revisited: The Past, Present and Future of the Satellite
and Cable Directive, IRIS plus, 2009-8,
the Internet for Copyrighted Content in Europe,
IRIS plus, 2009-4,
Media Services and the Unfair Commercial Practices
Directive, IRIS plus, 2008-8,
The Promotion of Cultural Diversity via New Media Technologies: An Introduction to the Challenges of Operationalisation, IRIS plus, 2008-6, T. McGonagle;
Human Dignity in the European Audiovisual Sector IRIS
plus, 2007-6, T.
Archives and the Inability to Clear Rights in Orphan
Works, IRIS plus, 2007-4, S.J.
Position of Broadcasters and Other Media under
"Rome II": Proposed Regulation on the Law
Applicable to Non-contractual Obligations, IRIS
plus, 2006-10, M.M.M.
Engines: Seek and Ye Shall Find? The Position of
Search Engines in Law, IRIS plus, 2006-2, N.A.N.M.
Rights Management from a Consumer's Perspective, IRIS
plus, 2005-8, N.
Legal Protection of Broadcast Signals, IRIS
plus, 2004-10, L.
Guibault and R. Melzer;
Protection of Cinematographic Heritage in Europe,
IRIS plus 2004-8, S.
of Minority-Language Broadcasting, IRIS plus
2004-2, T. McGonagle
and A. Richter
The complete IRIS
plus archives are available free-of-charge online.
Other activities and
IViR and the Observatory
jointly organise one roundtable workshop each year (often
with the involvement of other institutes and
organisations), which usually lead to IRIS Special
publications. Recent topics have included (click here
for further information):
- 'Digitisation and
Online Exploitation of Broadcasters' Archives' (2010);
- 'Ready, Set...Go?'
- 'Creativity Comes at a
- 'Searching for
Audiovisual Content' (2008);
- 'Legal Aspects of
Video on Demand' (2007);
- 'The Public Service
Broadcasting Culture' (2007);
- 'Audiovisual Media
Services without Frontiers - Implementing the Rules'
- 'To Have or not to
Have Must-carry Rules' (2005);
- ‘Political Debate
and the Role of the Media: The Fragility of Free
- ‘Regulating Access
to Digital Television: Technical Bottlenecks,
Vertically-integrated Markets and New Forms of Media
Concentration’ (with the supplement ‘Digital
Television Glossary’) (2004);
- ‘Co-Regulation of
the Media in Europe’ (2003);
- ‘Jurisdiction over
Broadcasters in Europe’ (2003).